The macula is the central area of the retina, which is responsible for sharp vision. Damage (degeneration) can occur in this area, which particularly affects people over the age of 50. There are 2 types of AMD:
The exact cause of AMD is unclear, the risk increases with age, smoking and unbalanced diet. A family history may also play a role.
While there is currently no convincing therapy for dry AMD, the rapid progression of visual deterioration in wet AMD can be stopped with medication. The earlier the treatment can be started, the better the prognosis. So if you have symptoms of acute vision deterioration with distorted or wavy lines, a central dark or blind spot, or difficulty recognizing and reading faces, we recommend that you contact us or another eye care practice quickly.