Uveitis is the term we use to describe an inflammation inside the eye. Here we distinguish between inflammation in the area of the iris (uveitis anterior), the vitreous humor (uveitis intermedia) and the retina and choroid (uveitis posterior). Symptoms are eye redness, pain, sensitivity to light, visual deterioration and black spots (mouches volantes).
The correct classification of uveitis is important for specific cause identification and therapy. There are both infectious and non-infectious diseases that cause uveitis. Often, symptoms that are distant from the eye, such as skin changes or joint complaints, also point to the cause of uveitis. In some cases, however, the cause remains unexplained. Treatment is aimed at fighting infection, reducing inflammation and preventing complications.